COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization.
Most common symptoms:
Less common symptoms:
Voluntary home quarantine (“self-isolation”) is recommended for an asymptomatic person, when they have a high risk of exposure to the virus that causes COVID-19, (i.e., through close contact with a symptomatic person or their body fluids).
Isolation means staying at home when you have a symptom of COVID-19 and it is possible that you have been exposed to the virus. By avoiding contact with other people, you help prevent the spread of disease to others in your home and your community
The virus can cause a range of symptoms, from ranging from mild illness to pneumonia. Symptoms of the disease are fever, cough, sore throat and headaches.
Masks should be used by a symptomatic individual, if available, to provide a physical barrier that may help to prevent the transmission of the virus by blocking the dispersion of large particle respiratory droplets propelled by coughing, sneezing and talking.
No, antibiotics do not work against viruses. The 2019-nCOV is a virus and, therefore, antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment.
Those who are infected with COVID-19 may have little to no symptoms. You may not know you have symptoms of COVID-19 because they are similar to a cold or flu.
- Keep your distance.
- Keep a distance of 2 meters between you, your coworkers, and customers.
- Increase distance between desks, tables, and workstations.
- Reduce activities that require close physical proximity or contact with people, such as team meetings.
- Limit any contacts closer than 2 meters to the shortest time possible.
If you have a symptom of COVID-19 If you think you might have COVID-19, use our App to trace it and stop it from infecting your contacts. It is critical that, if you have one symptom of COVID-19 (fever, cough or difficulty breathing), or even mild symptoms, you should stay home to avoid spreading illness to others and use our App.
Using available preliminary data, the median time from onset to clinical recovery for mild cases is approximately 2 weeks and is 3-6 weeks for patients with the severe or critical disease.
This may vary under different conditions such as surface type, relative temperature or humidity of the environment. The virus has been detectable up to four hours on copper, up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to two to three days on plastic and stainless steel.
When approved hard surface disinfectants are not available, for household disinfection, a diluted bleach solution can be prepared in accordance with the instructions on the label, or in a ratio of 5 millilitres (mL) of bleach per 250 mL of water OR 20 mL of bleach per litre of water.
This ratio is based on bleach containing 5% sodium hypochlorite, to give a 0.1% sodium hypochlorite solution. Follow instructions for proper handling of household (chlorine) bleach.
Current evidence on other coronavirus strains shows that while coronaviruses appear to be stable at low and freezing temperatures for a certain period, food hygiene and good food safety practices can prevent their transmission through food.
COVID-19 causes more severe disease than seasonal influenza.
While many people globally have built up immunity to seasonal flu strains, COVID-19 is a new virus to which no one has immunity. That means more people are susceptible to infection, and some will suffer severe disease.
Globally, about 3.4% of reported COVID-19 cases have died. By comparison, seasonal flu generally kills far fewer than 1% of those infected.
Currently there are no therapies available for either the prevention or treatment of COVID-19. While certain products may alleviate COVID-19 symptoms, such as fever and cough, there are no proven treatments to prevent or cure the disease.
- stay at home unless you have to go to work. talk to your employer about working at home if possible.
- avoid all non-essential trips in your community.
- do not gather in groups.
- limit contact with people at higher risk, such as older adults and those in poor health.
- go outside to exercise but stay close to home.
- if you leave your home, always keep a distance of at least 2 arms lengths (approximately 2 meters) from others.
- household contacts (people you live with) do not need to distance from each other unless they are sick or have traveled in the last 14 days.
COVID-19 is most commonly spread from an infected person through respiratory droplets generated through cough or sneezing, close personal contact such as touching or shaking hands, or touching something with the virus on it and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes before washing your hands.
COVID-19 can also be spread through the air during aerosol-generating medical procedures (AGMPs) such as open airway suctioning in patients with tracheostomies.
People could catch COVID-19 by touching contaminated surfaces or objects – and then touching their eyes, nose or mouth.
People with COVID-19 generally develop signs and symptoms, including mild respiratory symptoms and fever, on an average of 5-6 days after infection (mean incubation period 5-6 days, range 1-14 days). Most people infected with COVID-19 virus have mild disease and recover.
The virus can cause a range of symptoms, ranging from mild illness to pneumonia. Symptoms of the disease are fever, cough, sore throat, and headaches. In severe cases, difficulty in breathing and deaths can occur.
Signs and symptoms include respiratory symptoms and include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. In more severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and sometimes death.
Standard recommendations to prevent the spread of COVID-19 include frequent cleaning of hands using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water; covering the nose and mouth with a flexed elbow or disposable tissue when coughing and sneezing; and avoiding close contact with anyone that has a fever and cough.
If you are living with a person who is isolated because they have or are suspected to have COVID-19, your self-isolation period may be extended beyond 14 days. Seek direction from your public health authority.
To quarantine (self-isolate), take the following measures: Limit contact with others Stay at home or the place you are staying in Canada (do not leave your property). Only leave your home for medically necessary appointments (use private transportation for this purpose). Do not go to school, work, other public areas
You need to quarantine (self-isolate) for 14 days if, you:
are returning from travel outside of Canada (mandatory quarantine)
had close contact with someone who has or is suspected to have COVID-19 have been told by public health that you may have been exposed and need to quarantine (self-isolate)
People of all ages can be infected by the new coronavirus (COVID19). Older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as obesity, asthma, diabetes, heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus.
WHO advises people of all ages to take steps to protect themselves from the virus, for example by following good hand hygiene and good respiratory hygiene.
Although for most people COVID-19 causes only mild illness, it can make some people very ill. More rarely, the disease can be fatal. Older people and those with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart problems, or diabetes) appear to be more vulnerable.
Things you can do while in quarantine (self-isolation)
- greet with a wave instead of a handshake, a kiss, or a hug.
- ask family, a neighbor or friend to help with essential errands (e.g., picking up prescriptions, buying groceries)
- use food delivery services or online shopping.
exercise at home.
Heat at 56°C kills the SARS coronavirus at around 10000 units per 15 min (quick reduction).